Haematococcus Pluvialis, also known as Haematococcus Pluvialis or Haematococcus Pluvialis, is a ubiquitous green algae that belongs to the order of the algae, Haematococaceae. It is now known that this alga widely exists in nature under conditions suitable for its growth.

At present, Haematococcus pluvialis is considered to be one of the best organisms in nature to produce natural astaxanthin. Therefore, the extraction of astaxanthin using this microalga has broad development prospects and has become international natural astaxanthin in recent years. Research focus on vegetarian production.

History, distribution, and classification of Haematococcus Pluvialis

The first comprehensive English description of Haematococcus pluvialis was published by T.E. Hazen in a report published in Torrey Botany Club in 1899. He found that the algae often adhered to the water tank or the periodic shallow water bay near the sea in the form of a blood-red shell. The life course of this algae was through a red dormant stage, followed by a green The swimming stage is followed by a red dormant stage.

At that time, the chemical nature of the red substance in this algae was unclear, but it had been given a name called “haematochrom”, which is what we now call astaxanthin. Hazen said in the report: “This algae is very common and widely distributed in Europe, from Scandinavia to Venice… this algae is distributed from Vermont to Texas, from Massachusetts State to a wide area of Nebraska and even further west.

A few years later, Peebles (1901a, 1909b) published the growth history of this algae, describing in more detail the changes of “haematochrom” throughout the life cycle. In 1934, Elliot supplemented the details of the growth history of this algae from the perspective of cell morphology. Four typical cell morphologies appear throughout the life cycle: small worm bodies, large flagellar bodies, colloid bodies with no ability to move, and large red cells with hard cell walls-nematocysts. In a clean environment with adequate nutrition, large insects dominate; once the environment deteriorates, it will be transformed into a colloid sheath, and then into resistant red sporangia, and begin to accumulate astaxanthin. Later, when the surrounding environment became adequately nutritious again, the erythrocyte became a movable body of small insects, which grew into a colloidal body or a large body.

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Pocock (1937 and 1961) independently studied in Africa and described the distribution and growth history of Haematococcus Pluvialis. Sweden’s Almgren (1966) described the ecology and distribution of Haematococcus Pluvialis. This algae appeared in small puddles on rocks after rain, and was scattered on hard objects that were impervious to water. Droop (1961) also found that Haematococcus Pluvialis usually grows in rocky puddles, often on rocks near the sea, but this is not absolute.

The temporary state of Haematococcus Pluvialis is more common than the constant state, partly because there are usually no other competitive algae in these water holes, and it has nothing to do with the inherent characteristics of the water hole. Haematococcus is more able to adapt to rapid and dramatic changes in light, temperature, and salinity than most other algae because of its ability to form cysts quickly.

Haematococcus Pluvialis, also known as Haematococcus Pluvialis or Haematococcus Pluvialis, is a ubiquitous green algae that belongs to the order of the algae, Haematococaceae. We now know that this alga exists widely in nature under conditions suitable for its growth. There are no reports of toxicity in the literature related to Haematococcus Pluvialis.

Herbal products manufacturers believe that the content of astaxanthin in Haematococcus Pluvialis is 1.5% to 10.0%, which is regarded as a “concentrated product” of natural astaxanthin. Our company provides no side effects herbal products. If you are interested in our products, please feel free to contact us.